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SINGULAR opens new paths regarding the large-scale integration and exploitation of renewables in insular electricity networks through the development of novel models and tools and the adoption of new electricity network and market designs.
SINGULAR is significantly aligned with the technology objectives of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SETPlan), which aim at the development and large-scale deployment of low carbon technologies through R&D activities and, especially, with the European Electricity Grids Initiative objectives:
Development and validation of advanced network technologies to improve flexibility and security of the network, and to mitigate future capital and operational expenditure. These include new high-power equipment, integration of electricity storage and monitoring and control systems. SINGULAR is oriented to the development of methodologies, mathematical models and software tools for the efficient, reliable and secure operation of insular electricity networks under large-scale integration of various RES technologies (e.g. wind, PV, biomass, small hydro, cogeneration, wave energy, etc.).
Preparation of the long-term evolution of electricity grids to ensure the proper investments are made in the coming years to address the requirements of the future portfolio of electricity generation. SINGULAR will address the long-term evolution of insular electricity grids through the examination of the effects of RES planning and distribution network planning.
Engagement of the active participation of customers in energy markets and energy efficiency through better information about their consumption, incentives such as dynamic pricing mechanisms and appropriate ICT tools. SINGULAR, regarding the active participation of end-use consumers in the formulation of their own electricity consumption profile as well as the entire power system's load demand pattern, will focus on the implementation of DSM programs in the framework of establishing smart grids in the respective islands. . Moreover, game mechanisms and integration with social media applications can be used in order to further enhance participation and effectiveness and efficiency of demand response. If the principle of Captology (i.e. the persuasion process of a consumer, using modern IT, Web 2.0 technologies and computers) is applied to the energy efficiency services and demand response, then the social motivation can be triggered more efficiently.
Elaboration and testing of innovative market designs to ensure a proper functioning of the internal market for electricity both at European and local scale. SINGULAR will propose innovative market designs, suitable for insular power systems with high RES penetration. Economic models will be developed for the equitable settlement of market participants and customers for supplying energy, reserves, demand response and other energy services.
The European Society, Economy and Environment needs:
The faster exploitation of the rich RES potential (mainly wind and solar) of all islands participating in the project leading to increased RES penetration in their power systems with the respective beneficial environmental effects.
The investigation of the impacts of the development of policies and regulatory frameworks for "green" growth.
The reduction in fuel imports and the associated costs for electricity production, since almost all countries participating in SINGULAR are highly dependent on fuel imports used for electricity production (i.e. oil, natural gas). The large-scale integration of RES in the respective islands is anticipated to lead to significant fuel savings, thus benefiting the respective national economies.
The stimulation of tourism in the respective islands, since the current air and water pollution caused by the electricity production from conventional generating units (e.g. oil-fired, etc.) will be significantly reduced through the installation and operation of new clean RES plants.
The enhancement of the system security, reliability, and quality of supply through the provision of fast and low-cost reserves from flexible loads, EES and plug-in electric vehicles in conjunction with the active participation of small electricity consumers and the creation of real-time demand elasticity.
The real-time consumer self-monitoring; this will build consumer awareness about consumption patterns and relevant energy use, supporting in this way green behaviours. It should be noted that according to several studies, energy savings originating from self-monitoring alone could reach 15%.
The dissemination of knowledge and expertise and the promotion of the human capital in research and innovation.